Hypnotism, 1891. Male hypnotist putting a young woman into an hypnotic trance. Animal magnetism or hypnotism had a revival at the end of the 19th century. French neurologist Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was carrying out systematic investigations at the Salpetriere Hospital in Paris, and in the popular field, George du Maurier's novel Trilby in which he created the character Svengali, appeared in 1894. (Colorised black and white print).