'Dr. Birch and His Young Friends', 1880. Sir William Harcourt, the Liberal Home Secretary, prepares a birch labelled Juvenile Offenders Act. On the other side of the fence are a crowd of urchins enjoying themselves in different ways. Some are plaguing officialdom in the shape of a beadle. Others hurl rocks at a passing train. From Punch, or the London Charivari, October 2, 1880.