Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, 19th century English statesman, c1905. Disraeli (1804-1881) was twice Prime Minister of Britain, first in 1868 and then again between 1874 and 1880. Under his Conservative government, the British Empire expanded and in 1876 he conferred on Queen Victoria the title Empress of India. Print published in Parliament Past and Present by Arnold Wright and Philip Smith, (London, c1905). Original painting by John Everett Millais.